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Tips on Selecting Epilepsy Treatment Drugs
Epilepsy causes seizures and it is one of the neurological disorders like stroke and dementia. This neurological disorder is experienced by many people across the world. AIDS, stroke, meningitis and traumatic brain injury are believed to be the main causes of epilepsy. The chances of getting epilepsy increases when if the family members has the condition. There are things which have been classified as triggers when it comes to epileptic conditions. Some of the triggers may include alcohol, caffeine, lack of sleep, stress and illness. Epilepsy occurs due to a combination of the triggers it even other causes that might not be known. The type of seizures an individual has will determine the type of medication provided in managing the neurological disorder. The two main types of seizures are focal seizures and generalized seizures. When focal seizures occur the individual will portray loss if five senses, dizziness and twitching of limbs while in generalized seizures the person will show loss of bladder and bowel movement or jerking of arms and legs.
The treatment drugs and options are provided base son the kind of seizures the epileptic patient has. The drugs have been placed into two categories and they differ in terms of the side effects. The first drug which is known as the broad spectrum anti- epilepsy drugs mainly treats more than one type of seizures and the effects are insomnia, fatigue and dizziness. The other drug for treating epilepsy is know as narrow spectrum and it is mainly used to manage some type software seizures with side effects being different since the drug is administered in different ways. The narrow spectrum drug is mainly given to patients in firm if oral tablet, IV injection and solution form. These drugs are effective in managing the seizures a person has due to epilepsy. The medication effectiveness is out to test when a person has identified his or her triggers. The condition needs to be managed since there are various risk factors.
There are other ways in which epilepsy can be managed when the drugs are not effective on the recurrent seizures. These options may include the vagus nerve stimulation and brain surgery. There is a stimulator placed under the epileptic person skin which sends electrical activity to the brain that prevents the seizures. The brain surgery is the last resort since it’s invasive the part of the brain that causes seizures is normally removed. Those patients with epilepsy and have taken drugs yet the condition stagnates can take the ketogenic diet since most people have benefited from it.